About Sonoma County, California
Sonoma is a county of the state of California, U.S. Sonoma County makes up the Santa Rosa-Petaluma Metropolitan Statistical Area, a component of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. Within the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region, it is the furthest northward county.
What is the Origin and History of Sonoma County, California?
The Pomo, Coast Miwok, and Wappo peoples were the first residents in Sonoma County, California effectively living within the land’s natural carrying capacity. Several occurrences of rock carvings, notably in southern Sonoma County, are archeological evidence of these First people. According to the Coast Miwok and Pomo tribes, Sonoma means “valley of the moon” or “many moons”.
From the late 16th to the mid-19th centuries, Spaniards, Russians, and other Europeans claimed and settled in the county in search of timber, fur, and farmland. By 1850, California became a state and Sonoma was one of its original counties. After 1850, a settlement that would eventually become the city of Petaluma grew and it became an active center of trade by 1854. The inland towns of Santa Rosa and Healdsburg followed soon after.
In 1920, Sonoma County placed eighth in the most agriculturally productive counties in the United States, and in 2012 Sonoma county placed 22nd in the same category. By 2009, Sonoma County’s main agricultural produce was grapes and pasturage.
What is the Geography of Sonoma County, CA?
Sonoma County, CA is located north of Marin County and south of Mendocino County. To its west lies Napa and Lake County. Sonoma County, CA has an area of 1, 768 square miles (4, 580km2) where 1, 576 square miles (4, 080km2) is land and 192 square miles (500km2) is water.
Sonoma County belongs to the North Coach Ranges of northwest California, where the ranges of Mayacamas and Sonoma Mountains belong to.
The Pacific Ocean borders Sonoma County on the west, with 76 miles (122 kilometers) of shoreline. Bodega Bay, the mouth of the Russian River, and the mouth of the Gualala River, on the Mendocino County line, are the important coastal hydrographic features of Sonoma County.
The following contains the zip codes for all the cities within Sonoma County, CA:
- Annapolis- 95412
- Bodega- 94922
- Bodega Bay- 94923
- Cazadero- 95421
- Cloverdale- 95425
- Cotati- 94931
- Duncans Mills- 95430
- Eldridge- 95431
- Fulton- 95439
- Geyserville- 95441
- Glen Ellen- 95442
- Graton- 95444
- Guerneville- 95446
- Guerneville- 95471
- Healdsburg- 95448
- Kenwood- 95452
- Monte Rio- 95462
- Monte Rio- 95486
- Occidental- 95465
- Penngrove- 94952
- Petaluma- 94952
- Petaluma- 94954
- Rohnert Park- 94928
- Santa Rosa- 95401
- Santa Rosa- 95403
- Santa Rosa- 95404
- Santa Rosa- 95405
- Santa Rosa- 95407
- Santa Rosa- 95409
- Sea Ranch- 95497
- Sebastopol- 95472
- Sonoma- 95476
- Timber Cove- 95450
- Valley Ford- 94972
- Windsor- 95492
What is the population of Sonoma County?
Sonoma County population was 488, 863 according to the 2020 United States Census. This population is composed of:
- White (58.46%)- 320, 027
- Hispanic or Latino (28.93%)- 120, 430
- Asian (4.55%)- 17, 777
- Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (5. 03%)- 12, 944
- Black or African American (1.46%)- 6, 769
- Native American or Alaska Native (0.62%)- 3, 584
- Pacific Islander (0.35%)- 1, 434
- Some Other Race (0.60%)- 913
What are the means of Transportation in Sonoma County?
Public transportation in Sonoma County includes the Sonoma County Transit which provides service to all cities in Sonoma County. Santa Rosa and the surrounding areas are served by Golden Gate Transit, which runs between Marin County and San Francisco. The Mendocino Transit Authority travels north from Santa Rosa to Ukiah (via US 101) and to the coast (via California Routes 12 and 1). SMART (Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit) currently provides service in the stations of the Sonoma County Airport area, Santa Rosa, Rohnert Park, Cotati, Petaluma, Novato, San Rafael and Larkspur.
Airports within Sonoma County are: Charles M. Schulz-Sonoma County Airport, Cloverdale Municipal Airport, Healdsburg Municipal Airport. Petaluma Municipal Airport, Sonoma Skypark and Sonoma Valley Airport.
What kinds of Attractions are available in Sonoma County?
- Sonoma County boasts a bountiful collection of mountains, forests, rivers, valleys, and meadows. Outdoor activities include hiking, fishing, kayaking, cycling, birding, canoeing, and many more.
- Visiting farmer markets offers the experience of Sonoma County’s agriculture through farm tours and stays, produce picking, and cooking classes to name a few.
- Wine tasting is also a top attraction in Sonoma County. Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot noir are the topmost varieties planted and produced in Sonoma County. Sonoma County has 425 wineries including the Sonoma Valley AVA, Russian River Valley AVA, Alexander Valley AVA, Bennett Valley AVA and Dry Creek AVA.
- The annual Sonoma County Fair features music, carnival rides, farm animals, horse races, and Sonoma food. It happens every July in the Sonoma County Fairgrounds.